Fact Sheet: Malnutrition

Definition

Malnutrition (or under nutrition) is a general term that indicates a lack of some or all-nutritional elements necessary for human health. There are two basic types of malnutrition: protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient deficiency. PEM is a lack of calories and protein, which are necessary for key body functions and the development and maintenance of muscles. This is the type of malnutrition that is referred to when world...

Fact Sheet: HIV/Aids

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease that attacks the immune system, and has contributed to over 30 million deaths globally. As of 2012, there are over 35 million people worldwide with HIV, with Sub-Saharan Africa being the region most severely affected. It is most commonly transmitted through sexual intercourse, contaminated blood transfusions, needles, from mother to child during...